Space in Israel

Space in Israel

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Space in israel​​

Israeli activity in the space study and exploration sphere began in the 1960s with the focus on academic research.
In 1963 the Israeli National Academy of Sciences and Humanities established a National Space Studies Board. Research activity was supplemented by efforts to create an Israeli space industry that would put Israel's outstanding technological capabilities to worthwhile use. In 1983 the Israel Space Agency was established, by government decision, within the Ministry of Science and Technology.

On September 19, 1988 the State of Israel launched its first satellite, Ofeq-1, a reconnaissance satellite that was developed and built in Israel. Ofeq-1 was launched via the Israeli Shavit satellite launcher – making Israel the eighth member of the prestigious club (now 10 in number) of countries with space launch capabilities and with the ability to build and operate satellites and spacecraft. 

As of today, 13 Israeli satellites have been launched into space:

Satellite
Launch Year
Ofek 1
1988
Ofek 2
1990
Ofek 3
1995
Amos 1
1996
TECHSAT 2
1998
EROS A
2000
Ofek 5
2002
Amos 2
2003
EROS B
2006
Ofek 7
2007
TESCAR
2008
Amos 3
2008
Ofek 9
2010
 
 
 
 
 
On January 16, 2003 the first Israeli astronaut, Ilan Ramon, was sent into space aboard the US space shuttle Columbia, on mission STS-107. On February 1,  2003 the shuttle disintegrated while re-entering the Earth's atmosphere, and all seven crew members were killed.

Over the years Israel has been involved in international space research and technology projects, and has developed a worldwide reputation for its achievements and capabilities in this sphere. Israel's space industry specializes in specific areas, including miniaturization and communication technologies. Israel's space science activity contributes substantially to the national economy and helps advance Israeli scientific and technological research: space study and exploration are strategic, security, political and industrial assets. The ISA aspires to maintain Israel's comparative advantage and to place Israel among the world's top five countries in the field of space research and exploration. 
 
 
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